June 14th 1497: Murder of Giovanni Borgia (b. 1474), 2nd Duke of Gandia and second son of Pope Alexander VI (r. 1492-1503).
June 15th 2019: Death of the film director Franco Zeffirelli (b. 1923).
June 16th 1700: Birth of the sculptor Pietro Bracci, who carved the colossal statue of Oceanus, the centrepiece of the Trevi Fountain. 1846: Election of Pius IX (r. 1846-78), who would become the longest-reigning pope in the history of the papacy. 1871: Pius IX becomes the first pope to reign for twenty-five years.
June 20th 1669: Election of Pope Clement IX (r. 1667-69). June 21st 1547: Death of the Venetian painter Sebastiano Luciani, better known as Sebastiano del Piombo (b. 1485). 1963: Election of Pope Paul VI (r. 1963-78). June 22nd 1633: Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was found guilty of heresy by the Holy Office of the Catholic Church, and sentenced to imprisonment. The following day, this was commuted to house arrest, which he remained under for the rest of his life. 1983: Disappearance of Emanuela Orlandi, a fifteen-year-old resident of Vatican City, who went missing while returning from a flute lesson in the centro storico. Her disappearance has been described as the most famous unsolved mystery in Italy!
June 29th 1779: Death of the German painter Anton Raphael Mengs (b. 1728), who is buried in the church of Santi Michele e Magno.