Of ancient foundation, the church of San Pietro in Montorio was built on what was wrongly thought to be the site of the execution of St Peter. The church was rebuilt during the reign of Pope Sixtus IV (r. 1471-84), at the expense of King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castille.
The most famous work of art in the church is the Flagellationof Christ by Sebastiano Luciani (c. 1485-1547), better known as Sebastiano del Piombo, which can be found in the first chapel on the right.
The Chapel of the Pieta (fourth left) boasts a good painting of the Deposition (1617), the work of the young Dutch artist Dirk van Baburen (c. 1595-1624), who was a follower of Caravaggio. The very fine stucco work of the vault is attributed to Giulio Mazzoni (1525-1618).
In the courtyard to the right of San Pietro in Montorio stands Bramante's Tempietto, one of the icons of Renaissance architecture.