Monument to Pope Leo XI (1633-44) by Alessandro Algardi (Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici, Florence, b.1535/r.1605) The monument to Pope Leo XI (r. 1605) is by Alessandro Algardi (1598-1654). The two statues depict Magnanimity and Liberality. At the top of the monument two putti are attaching the pope's coat of arms to the cornice.
Leo XI's reign was one of the shortest of any pope, a mere twenty-seven days. The roses on the plinth and the inscription SIC FLORUI (thus I flourished) are references to the brevity of his reign.