The Galleria Doria Pamphilj boasts one of the finest private collections of art in Italy. The collection was begun in 1651 by Pope Innocent X (r. 1644-55), who was a member of the Pamphilj family. Over a century later, in 1760, Prince Andrea Doria IV added his own family's bequests.
The most famous painting in the gallery is, without doubt, the portrait of Pope Innocent Xby Diego Velazquez (1599-1660), which the English painter Sir Joshua Reynolds hailed as the 'finest picture in Rome'. The gallery also possesses a fine bust of Innocent X by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598-1680).
The collection also boasts works by Fra Filippo Lippi, Raphael, Titian, Caravaggio and Alessandro Algardi, to name but a few.
The spectacular Galleria degli Specchi (Gallery of the Mirrors) was designed by the Roman architect Gabriele Valvassori (1683-1761).