By tradition, the Baroque church of San Girolamo della Carità (St Jerome of Charity) stands on the site of the house of St Paula, where St Jerome lived from 382 when he was secretary to Pope Damasus I (r. 366-84). The church was built between 1654 and 1660; the facade is by the Roman architect Carlo Rainaldi (1611-91).
The splendid wooden ceiling is decorated with images of the Instruments of the Passion. The central panel depicts the Ecce Homo, which is flanked by the coat of arms of Cardinal Giulio Antonio Santori. The ceiling in the transept depicts St Jerome and St Philip Neri.