By tradition the Baroque church of San Girolamo della Carita (St Jerome of Chairty) stands on the site of the house of St Paula, where St Jerome lived from 382 when he was secretary to Pope Damasus I (r. 366-84). It was built between 1654 and 1660 and the facade is by Carlo Rainaldi.
The splendid wooden ceiling in the nave is decorated with images of the Instruments of the Passion. The central panel depicts the Ecce Homo, which is flanked by the coat of arms of Cardinal Giulio Antonio Santori. The ceiling in the transept depicts St Jerome and St Philip Neri.