1618: Birth of the sculptor Cosimo Fancelli (d. 1688).
1756: Death of the architect and surveyor Giovanni Battista Nolli (b. 1701), best known for his ichnographic plan of Rome, the Pianta Grande di Roma.
1573: Death of the architect Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, who designed the Chiesa del Gesù.
1593: Birth of the painter Artemisia Gentileschi (d. 1653).
1686: Death of the sculptor Ercola Ferrata (b. 1610).
100 BCE: Birth of Julius Caesar (d. 44 BCE).
1234: Canonisation of St Dominic by Pope Gregory IX (r. 1227-41).
1823: Basilica of San Paolo fuori le Mura was nearly destroyed by fire.
1228: Canonisation of St Francis of Assisi by Pope Gregory IX (r. 1227-41).
64 CE: Start of the Great Fire of Rome, which raged for six days.
1903: Death of Pope Leo XIII (r. 1878-1903), one of only three popes to have ruled for 25 years or more.
1937: Death of Guglielmo Marconi (b. 1874), who is credited with the invention of radio. In 1909 Marconi won the Nobel Prize for Physics.
1943: Dismissal and arrest of Benito Mussolini.
1644: Death of Pope Urban VIII (r. 1623-44), a member of the Barberini family and a significant patron of the arts.
2007: Death of the film director Michelangelo Antonioni (b. 1912).