The equestrian statue (1662-70) of the emperor Constantine by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598-1680) is located on the Scala Regia of the Apostolic Palace, the Pope's official residence.
Bernini depicts Constantine at the moment of his famous vision. On the day before battle with his co-emperor Maxentius Constantine is said to have had a vision of a cross, which appeared shining brightly in the sky, with the words 'In Hoc Signo Vinces' ('By this sign, you will conquer').
Constantine ascribed his subsequent victory over Maxentius to this vision and as a result he granted Christians the right to worship freely, thus ending centuries of persecution.
My name is David Lown and I am an art historian from Cambridge, England. Since 2001 I have lived in Italy, where I run private and
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