The Scala Regia is a grand stairway that connects the Apostolic Palace to St. Peter's Basilica. It was designed for Pope Alexander VII (r. 1655-67) by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598-1680) and built between 1663 and 1666.
Half way up the stairway stands an equestrian statue of the emperor Constantine, which is also the work of the indefatigable Bernini. It depicts the vision the emperor is said to have had on the eve of the epoch-making Battle of the Milvian Bridge in October, 312.
My name is David Lown and I am an art historian from Cambridge, England. Since 2001 I have lived in Italy, where I run private walking tours of Rome.
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