Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (1876-1958) was the last Roman to be elected pope. He achieved this honour on March 2nd, 1939, which happened to be his sixty-third birthday. He reigned for almost two decades, dying on October 9th, 1958.
Cardinal Pacelli took the name Pius XII and his coat of arms takes the form of a dove holding an olive branch in its beak, a punning reference to his surname. 'Pace' is the Italian word for peace, which the dove symbolises. The bird is perched on a trimount above waves of water.
Related article: Funerary monument to Pope Pius XII.
My name is David Lown and I am an art historian from Cambridge, England. Since 2001 I have lived in Italy, where I run private walking tours of Rome.
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