The Temple of Hercules Victor (formerly known as the Temple of Vesta), which stands in what was once the Forum Boarium (cattle market), dates back to the 2nd century BCE, making it the oldest marble monument to survive in Rome.
The gilded bronze statue of Hercules is on display in the Capitoline Museums.
By the 12th century the temple had been converted into a church, which was known as Santo Stefano alle Carozze (St. Stephen 'of the carriages'). It was later renamed Santa Maria del Sole.
Blogging about Rome,
its art, history and culture.
My name is David Lown and I am an art historian from Cambridge, England. Since 2001 I have lived in Italy, where I run private and
small-group walking tours
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