In 1995 the Hungarian artist and illustrator, János “Giovanni” Hajnal (1913-2010), created a new stained-glass window for the Basilica Papale di Santa Maria Maggiore.
The strikingly modern design reaffirms the declaration of the Second Vatican Council (1962-65) that Mary, the exalted daughter of Zion (Excelsa Filia Sion), is the link that unites the Christian Church to the Old Testament.
To symbolise the Old Testament Hajnal uses the Tablets of the Ten Commandments and the Menorah (the seven-branched candlestick), while for the New Testament he chose the Cross and the chalice of the Eucharist.
My name is David Lown and I am an art historian from Cambridge, England. Since 2001 I have lived in Italy, where I run private and
small-group walking tours
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