The grand monument to Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-82), which stands on the Janiculum Hill, was designed by the Florentine sculptor Emilio Gallori (1846-1924) and unveiled on September 20th 1895.
A bronze equestrian statue of Garibaldi, one of the great heroes of the Italian Risorgimento, crowns the monument.
At a lower level are four bronze statuary groups. The group on the east side (facing the city) depicts one of the battles fought here on the Janiculum Hill in 1849 for the defence of the short-lived Roman Republic. The group on the west side depicts a scene from the Battle of Calatafimi. The two other groups symbolise America (north) and Europe (south).
At the time of writing, the monument is in a deplorable state of neglect!
My name is David Lown and I am an art historian from Cambridge, England. Since 2001 I have lived in Italy, where I run private and
small-group walking tours
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